Anti-Semitism refers to rejection of, prejudice against, hate for and discrimination against Jews. There are various tendencies.

Christian anti-Judaism rejects Jews because of their religion. Modern anti-Semitism emerged in the 19th century and was grounded on racist motives. Jewish people were stigmatised as an inferior, dangerous race. During the national socialist regime from 1933-1945, modern anti-Semitism reached its high point with the extermination of six million Jews (holocaust or Shoah).

Resentment and conspiracy theories that attribute a disproportionate power over political, economic and cultural developments all over the world to “the Jews” are widespread until the present day.

Anti-Semitism is not limited to real, practicing Jews, it is also present against people who are associated with “Jewishness”.

Blaming “the Jews” for subjectively perceiving the holocaust debate and the resulting historical responsibility as a burden is referred to as secondary anti-Semitism. All forms of Anti-Semitism share an idea of Jewish power: the power to kill God, to release the bubonic plague or to exercise an abstract rule over capitalism (“finance capital”).

(Source: ADB)